By Deborah Cahalen Schneider
The Góral ethnic id has been on the heart of political machinations in Poland for hundreds of years. The overdue Pope John Paul II, for instance, was once a Góral. this can be the 1st book-length learn of the Góral identification and one of many few reviews in English to debate Górals. via own interviews, neighborhood manuscripts, and educational histories of the zone, writer Deborah Cahalen Schneider exhibits how very important the Góral id has been to Poland’s background. The clash over the Góral identification in the neighborhood of Zywiec, Poland serves as a lens by which Schneider perspectives nationwide id matters and sophistication clash in Poland at huge. The Góral id not just gave this group a feeling of togetherness less than the Habsburg Empire, but additionally used to be an emblem of Polish id for Polish nationalists in the course of that point. Schneider exhibits how the Góral id has spanned the increase and, arguably, the autumn of nationalism because the fundamental discourse of political id within the post—Cold struggle, eu Union—dominated japanese Europe.
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Extra resources for Being Goral: Identity Politics And Globalization in Postsocialist Poland
POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT • OF ZYWIEC The political boundaries of countries within Central and Eastern Europe have changed many times over the past ﬁve hundred years as the rising empires of Russia, Prussia, Austria, and the Ottoman Turks vied for power. Poland’s position in the center of three of these empires has meant a great deal of squabbling about the political authority over various lands claimed both by Poland and Russia, Prussia and Austria. The region immediately to the west of Zywiec, Silesia, with its manufacturing and rich mining deposits, was the source of much of Austria’s wealth during the Habsburg Empress Maria Theresa’s reign in the early 1740s, and dispute over its ownership was a cause of the War of Austrian Succession between Prussia and Austria.
I consider the concepts of traditionalism and modernity as cultural idioms through which these two elite classes, prewar elites and neocapitalists, maneuver and manipulate to characterize themselves, through various arguments, as the “true” inheritors of authority in Zywiec. This chapter focuses on the power structure of the upper class in Zywiec and is a counterpart to chapter 4, which discusses nonelite individual and family strategies without consideration of community-level power relations.
It shows how members and descendants of members of prewar power networks have been using the regional-ethnic identity of Góralism as a currency of authority under socialism and are attempting to continue this strategy of traditionalism in the postsocialist era. They are attempting to recreate the prewar authoritarian social power structure and, further, parlay their positions within this affectual authority structure into “modern,” bureaucratic positions. Historically, I also explore the inﬂuences of the former Communist Party and the Solidarity movement in Zywiec, showing how members of these organizations have been absorbed into the new power structure.
Being Goral: Identity Politics And Globalization in Postsocialist Poland by Deborah Cahalen Schneider