By Bjorn M. Felder, Paul J. Weindling
The historical past of eugenics within the Baltic States is essentially unknown. The e-book compares for the 1st time the eugenic tasks of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania and the comparable disciplines of racial anthropology and psychiatry, and situates them in the wider ecu context. powerful ethno-nationalism outlined the kingdom as a organic staff, which used to be fostered through authoritarian regimes validated in Lithuania in 1926, and in Estonia and Latvia in 1934. The eugenics tasks have been designed to set up a state in organic phrases. Their goals have been to render the kingdom ethnically, genetically and racially homogeneous. the most time table was once a non-democratic country that outlined its inhabitants in organic phrases. Eugenic rules have been to regenerate the country and to reconstruct it as a "pure" and "original" race, Such schemes for nationwide regeneration contained powerful parts of secular faith.
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The heritage of eugenics within the Baltic States is basically unknown. The booklet compares for the 1st time the eugenic initiatives of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania and the similar disciplines of racial anthropology and psychiatry, and situates them in the wider ecu context. powerful ethno-nationalism outlined the state as a organic workforce, which used to be fostered by way of authoritarian regimes proven in Lithuania in 1926, and in Estonia and Latvia in 1934.
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Additional info for Baltic Eugenics : Bio-Politics, Race and Nation in Interwar Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania 1918-1940
Physical characteristics such as height and weight, eyesight and nutritional Race, Eugenics and National Identity in the Eastern Baltic 35 status became the order of the day. From the turn of the century mental ability became a concern. Similarly, police authorities became interested in criminal types, developing ideas of the Italian anthropologist Cesare Lombroso. There was an interest not only in the normative but also in the pathological in the context of composite surveys. Motives were a fit and healthy population, not least as a reservoir for military recruits.
21 Stoddard, 1924. 22 Weindling, 1989. 23 Sievert, 1938. 24 Stengel von Rutkowski, 1934; Hoßfeld and Š imůnek, 2008; Weindling, 2003, 1013-1026. 25 Baur, Fischer and Lenz, 1921. 26 Baur, Fischer and Lenz, 1921. 27 Haddon and Huxley, 1936, 151(with a chapter on Europe overseas by Carr Saunders). 28 For the wider context of prisoner of war studies: Evans, 2010. 29 Teschler-Nicola, 2006. 30 Hesch, 1933, 58-62. 31 Ibd. 32 Weindling, 2009, 81-113. 33 Lichtenberger, 1936. 34 Köhn-Behrens, 1933. ; Fischer, E.
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Baltic Eugenics : Bio-Politics, Race and Nation in Interwar Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania 1918-1940 by Bjorn M. Felder, Paul J. Weindling