By Robert A. Stebbins
For fifteen years, Robert Stebbins has performed broad study on amateurs and execs in theatre, tune, archaeology, astronomy, baseball, soccer, magic and stand-up comedy. His guides supply the topic of great rest in-depth scholarly realization. this article brings jointly the findings of this learn undertaking to supply a theoretical framework that finds the commonalities throughout those 8 fields. all through this venture Stebbins has outfitted at the paintings of Barney Glaser and Anselm Strauss and their concept of "grounded theory". First, Stebbins generally saw the regimen actions of amateurs and pros in every one box studied. Then, as he turned extra accustomed to the life-styles of the contributors, he performed long, unstructured, face-to-face interviews with, normally, 30 beginner or specialist respondents. every one box demanded targeted equipment of remark, research, interviewing, probing and reporting. up to attainable, notwithstanding, Stebbins requested related questions of all respondents in all fields on the way to let generalizations throughout those diversified fields. the end result used to be a "substantive grounded concept" of every box studied. Stebbins has built a "formal grounded thought" of amateurs and pros in accordance with the study gathered in all 8 substantial fields. by way of transcending various contexts, he argues, one could achieve a extra enduring appreciation of the weather that have an effect on peoples' reports in paintings and hobbies. A assessment of the findings throughout this wide variety of actions, together with his findings and ideas on hobbyists and profession volunteers, enabled Stebbins to derive greater definitions of the most recommendations of the undertaking, akin to "amateur", "the public", and "serious relaxation" -- in addition to "professional", the place he distinguishes among client-centred and public-centred execs who, whereas sharing quite a few ideal-typical attributes, differ as to the ability and keep an eye on they've got over their paintings in a democratic society. He provides inductive conclusions approximately careers and the prices and rewards within the 8 amateur-professional fields thought of. He examines the exterior international of amateurs and pros within the gentle of such matters as relatives ties, kinfolk between amateurs and execs and between amateurs and their employers, public photographs, critics and reporters, group contributions, and the query of marginality for amateurs who're stuck among the paintings global of the pro and the informal rest international of nearly all of the inhabitants. He concludes with an exploration of the longer term position of significant rest in terms of predictions of better unemployment and elevated rest time and sturdiness.
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Extra info for Amateurs, Professionals, and Serious Leisure
Moreover, there appears to be scant interest in the possibility of jurisdictional control of the public-centred professions by other occupational groups, unless one includes in this process the efforts of labour unions to set their own boundaries. For the most part, however, unions play a small role in organizing and controlling occupational activities in these four areas. For the present, then, it is better to divide the study of professions into two categories. The first is the client-centred professions, where monopolistic control over training and service is one attribute (possibly a quintessential one at that) of a set of occupations that form in problematic areas of life where uncertainty is too acute to permit unfettered, free enterprise service to supply the remedy.
6 Together, these two definitions include many more of the attributes than at least some contemporary theorists would appear to accept. Nonetheless, the question remains as to the status of the public-centred professions: are they simply another set of occupations, or are they a special form of professional work in their own right? Indeed, the two definitions fail to offer much help here, inasmuch as they rest on a small amount of research and a large amount of arm-chair theorizing (much of which is highly ideological and anti-professions [Saks 1983,9-11]).
However, this is to miss the point: that those who reject professional advice thought highly enough of it to seek it out in the first place. Second, rejection of such advice does not necessarily mean the advice itself is bad; it only means that, for whatever reason, the client dislikes it. Some people reject medical advice, not because they think the physician is incompetent or that they themselves know more, but because they cannot bring themselves to do what the physician advises. To be sure, certain people do think they know more than the professionals (and that may actually be the case).
Amateurs, Professionals, and Serious Leisure by Robert A. Stebbins