By Eileen Stillwaggon
AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty combines the insights of economics and biology to give an explanation for the unfold of HIV/AIDS and bring a telling critique of AIDS coverage. Drawing on a wealth of clinical proof, Stillwaggon demonstrates that HIV/AIDS can't be stopped with out knowing the ecology of poverty. Her message is confident, with pragmatic suggestions to the illnesses that advertise the unfold of HIV/AIDS.
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Extra info for AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty
Finally, as stated in the “Summary and Conclusions,” written by Cleland, Ferry, and Carae¨l: “To return to the key point, the majority of men in all sites reported no sexual associates outside of regular partnerships in the year preceding the survey. . , 1995, 211). u Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia Ann K. Blanc and Ann A. Way. 1998. “Sexual Behavior and Contraceptive Knowledge and Use among Adolescents in Developing Countries,” Studies in Family Planning 29(2):106–116. This article reports data from the Demographic and Health Surveys, which are large-sample, nationally representative surveys of population, health, and nutrition in developing countries, sponsored by USAID and carried out by Macro International.
Sexual Risk for Human Immunodeﬁciency Virus Infection among Women in High-Risk Cities,” Family Planning Perspectives 25(6):252–256, 277. This article contains data from 3,482 women in 23 cities in the United States who were 18 to 49 years old. The study showed that 15 percent of women engaged in sexual behavior that put them at risk of acquiring HIV, including “having multiple sexual partners, having a risky main sexual partner or having both multiple partners and a risky main partner. An additional 17% of women with no other risk factor report that they do not know their main partner’s HIV risk status.
Gender Differences in the Timing of First Intercourse: Data from 14 Countries,” International Family Planning Perspectives 26(1):21–28, 43. 2 are derived from this article and from data provided to me by S. Singh. HIV prevalence data are from UNAIDS (2004). The point is not that sexual behavior is unimportant; it is that behavior does not explain differences in rates of HIV between different populations. Early initiation of sex is also frequently mentioned as one of the factors contributing to high rates of HIV in developing countries.
AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty by Eileen Stillwaggon