By Hans Ruthenberg
In early 1961 the Ho-Institut fur Wirtschaftsforschung (Ho-Institute for financial examine) tested an "African reports Centre" with the help of the Fritz-Thyssen-Foundation to behavior examine into the commercial and political difficulties of constructing international locations, with spe cial connection with the African countries. via investigations into thestructure and customers of improvement within the constructing nations, the reports Centre will goal at contributing in the direction of the production of a real foundation, at the foundation of which the Federal Republic's improve ment coverage may be conducted successfully. during this "age of improvement" the social and fiscal sciences are faced with manifold projects. In fixing those, interdisciplinary co operation will end up positive or even crucial, if incorrect and slim decisions are to be refrained from. Co-operation among scientists and institutes engaged in numerous branches of analysis will make attainable a greater und er status of the advanced practical courting which be certain monetary occasions and their mutations outdoors Western commercial society than might be as a rule accomplished by means of an remoted technique. clever total monetary making plans, for instance, calls for technological research simply up to an exact wisdom of social constitution or actual context. At this element the economist needs to co-operate heavily with the engineer if he needs to prevent wasting his manner quite often styles of progress. For, "des lors que nous parions (du developpement) en quantites globales, nous ne parions de rien" (LoUIs ]OSEPH LEBRET).
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Extra resources for Agricultural Development in Tanganyika
Urine is added to the manure heaps. According to unconfirmed information obtained in the summer of 1963, the farmers prefer to relieve nature on thcir own fields. Fertile undersoils whidt are dug up when digging trendtes for the irrigation of fodder grass along the lake shore are used to fertilize the top sandy soils. Erosion Control. In addition, the Wakara have developed their own methods of erosion control: 1. The legurne used as green manure grows very slowly and ripens only after 9-10 months.
Personsfhousehold. . Dodoma Mpwapwa Central Region Table 9. Some Results of the SampIe Survey of African Agriculture, Tanganyika, 1950 1,2 not, however, conducive to achieving the bigger yields necessary in the face of an increasing population and a growing market. It is hardly possible to obtain higher yields per acre. Shortening the length of time in which the soil is kept fallow by prolonging the season of cultivation leads to loss of soil fertility or even to erosion. "Balanced exploitation" thus becomes "soil mining".
In Usmao 77 per cent of the farmers employ occasional labour. Altogether, these perform 11 per cent of the total work. Table 11. Productivity of Hoe Cultivation in Sukumaland Usmao 1962. Average of 90 farms. Yield in lbs/acre 1 Yield in shs/acre . 54 Data concern the favourable year 1962. Irrigated rice and hill rice. According to COLLINSON irrigated rice would give more favourable results. 3 Man days of 8 hours. 1 2 Source: COLLINSON ibid. 25 Crop cultivation employs only one third of the available labour capacity.
Agricultural Development in Tanganyika by Hans Ruthenberg