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Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics - download pdf or read online

By E. Arimondo, P.R. Berman and C.C. Lin (Eds.)

ISBN-10: 0123810213

ISBN-13: 9780123810212

This quantity keeps the culture of the Advances sequence. It comprises contributions from specialists within the box of atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) physics. The articles include a few assessment fabric, yet are meant to supply a entire photo of contemporary vital advancements in AMO physics. either theoretical and experimental articles are integrated within the quantity. . foreign specialists . accomplished articles . New advancements

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Extra resources for Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics

Example text

We may write orthogonal super­ positions of states |1> and |2> that interact with the optical field in distinct ways: jNCi ¼ c2 j1i À c1 j2i jCi ¼ cÃ1 j1i þ cÃ2 j2i: ð 2Þ i "i ffiffiffiffiffiffiffi ei½ðEi =hÞtþi Š ; ci ¼ qffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffi 2 j1 "1 j þ j2 "2 j2 ð3Þ Here 26 Vishal Shah and John Kitching and i is the electric dipole moment between state |i> and state |3>. 2 = (E1–E2)/h, is fulfilled, the transition amplitude from the state |NC> to the excited state |3> is zero. The |NC> state is therefore a dark (or “non­ coupled”) state, because no light is scattered when the resonance condi­ tion is fulfilled.

In other words, the atoms that appear dark to the þ polariza­ tion appear bright to the — polarization, and vice versa. The result of this destructive interference is that the overall CPT resonance is not observed. One solution to this problem is to introduce time delay between þ and the — light fields such that the individual dark states constructively add together in phase. This principle has been successfully demonstrated in two ways. Jau et al. (2004a), Taichenachev et al. (2004b), and Karga­ poltsev et al.

This coherent dark state has an electromagnetic moment that oscillates at one of the beat frequencies of the multimode field. Its excita­ tion can be thought of as a nonlinear process: a nonlinear resonator (the atom) is driven with a force with two spectral components (the light), and through the nonlinearity, an oscillation at the sum or difference of the two driving frequencies is established. The phase of this oscillation, with respect to the phase of the driving fields, is such that no energy is absorbed.

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Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics by E. Arimondo, P.R. Berman and C.C. Lin (Eds.)


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