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Download PDF by A.E. Shilov, Georgiy B. Shul'pin, Alexander E. Shilov: Activation and Catalytic Reactions of Saturated Hydrocarbons

By A.E. Shilov, Georgiy B. Shul'pin, Alexander E. Shilov

ISBN-10: 0306469456

ISBN-13: 9780306469459

ISBN-10: 0792361016

ISBN-13: 9780792361015

hemistry is the technological know-how approximately breaking and forming of bonds among atoms. the most very important procedures for natural chemistry is breaking bonds C–H, in addition to C–C in numerous compounds, and essentially, in hydrocarbons. between hydrocarbons, saturated hydrocarbons, alkanes (methane, ethane, propane, hexane and so on. ), are specially appealing as substrates for chemical changes. the reason is,, at the one hand, alkanes are the most parts of oil and average fuel, and hence are the primary feedstocks for chemical undefined. however, those ingredients are recognized to be the fewer reactive natural compounds. Saturated hydrocarbons should be known as the “noble gases of natural chemistry” and, if that is so, the 1st consultant in their kinfolk – methane – can be in comparison with tremendous inert helium. As in all comparisons, this parallel among noble gases and alkanes isn't really totally actual. certainly the changes of alkanes, together with methane, were identified for a very long time. those reactions contain the interplay with molecular oxygen from air (burning – the most resource of energy!), in addition to a few mutual interconversions of saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons. even though, these kinds of ameliorations take place at increased temperatures (higher than 300–500 °C) and are typically characterised via an absence of selectivity. The conversion of alkanes into carbon dioxide and water in the course of burning is a really necessary procedure – yet now not from a chemist viewpoint.

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1979, 101, 1032. ; Hirobe, M. Heterocycles 1995, 40, 867. CHAPTER II HYDROCARBON TRANSFORMATIONS THAT DO NOT INVOLVE METALS OR THEIR COMPOUNDS n this chapter we will briefly survey the main types of hydrocarbon transformations that occur without the participation of solid metals or oxides and metal complexes. The alkane transformations described here should be taken into consideration for comparison when discussing the metal complex activation. II. 1. T RANSFORMATIONS U NDER THE A CTION OF H EAT OR I RRADIATION Under the action of heat or irradiation, alkanes decompose to produce free radicals which further form stable products.

Temnikova, T. I. Theoretical Principles of Organic Chemistry, Khimiya: Leningrad, 1979, Chpts. 14, 15 (in Russian). (a) Taqui Khan, M. ; Martell, A. E. Homogeneous Catalysis by Metal Complexes; Vol. 1, Academic Press: New York, 1974, p. 143. (b) Walling, C. Acc. Chem. Res. 1975, 8, 125. (c) Karakhanov, E. ; Narin, S. ; Dedov, A. G. Appl. Organomet. Chem. 1990, 5, 445. (d) Ishii, Y. J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem. 1997, 117, 123. Shul’pin, G. ; Nizova, G. ; Shilov, A. E. J. Chem. , Chem. Commun. 1983, 671.

A: Chem. 1997, 117, 123. Shul’pin, G. ; Nizova, G. ; Shilov, A. E. J. Chem. , Chem. Commun. 1983, 671. Tyurina, L. ; Kombarova, S. ; Smirnov, V. V. Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 1989, 309, 122 (in Russian). (a) Kharash, M. ; Isbell, H. C. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1931, 53, 3053. ; Willstätter, R. Ber. 1931, 64B, 2844. (c) Milas, N. ; Sussman, S. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1936, 58, 1302. (a) Kleiman, J. ; J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1963, 85, 1544. ; Davidson, J. M. J. Chem. Soc.. 1965, 843. ; Verberg, G. Recl. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas 1965, 84, 1263.

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Activation and Catalytic Reactions of Saturated Hydrocarbons in the Presence of Metal Complexes by A.E. Shilov, Georgiy B. Shul'pin, Alexander E. Shilov

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