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Read e-book online A Short History of Chinese Philosophy PDF

By Yu-lan Fung, Derk Bodde

The vintage chronicle of chinese language philosophical idea from the 3rd millennium to the 20 th century.

From the sage-kings of old China to the 1911 overthrow of the oldest monarchical method on the earth, chinese language philosophy has advanced and motivated colleges of idea world wide. In an available voice, A brief background of chinese language Philosophy basically illuminates Confucianism, Taoism, Mohism, Yin-Yang, and extra. For these drawn to philosophy or Asian stories, this can be the proper window into historic and smooth chinese language ideology.

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This is true of the words and rhymes in poetry, and the lines and colors in painting. , the most influential philosophy was the Nco-Taoist School, which was known in Chinese history as the hsiian hsiieh (the dark or mystic learning). At that time there was a book entitled Shih-shuo Hsin-yii, which is a record of the clever sayings and romantic activities of the famous men of. the age. Most of the sayings are very brief, some consisting of only! few words. It is stated in that book (eh. u) and Confucius.

They are poles apart from one another, yet they are also the two poles of one and the Same axis. They both express, in one way or another, the aspirations and inspirations of the farmer. "Reversal Is the Movement of Tao" Before considering the difference between these two schools, let us first take up a theory which both of them maintained. This is that both in the sphere of nature and in that of man, when the development of anything brings it to one extreme, a reversal to the other extreme takes place; that is, to borrow an expression from Hegel, everything involves its own negation.

It derives its name from the Yin and Yang principles, which in Chinese thought are regarded as the two major principles of Chinese cosmology, Yin being the female principle, and Yang the male principle, the combination and interaction of which is believed by the Chinese to result in all universal phenomena. The second school is the Ju chia or School of Literati. This school is known in Western literature as the Confucianist school, but the word iu literally means "literatus" or scholar. TIlUS the Western title is somewhat misleading, because it misses the implication that the followers of this school were scholars as well as thinkers; they, above an others, were the teachers of the ancient classics and thns the inhetitors of the ancient cultural legacy.

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A Short History of Chinese Philosophy by Yu-lan Fung, Derk Bodde


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