Posted in Middle Ages

New PDF release: A History of Palestine, 634-1099

By Moshe Gil

ISBN-10: 0521404371

ISBN-13: 9780521404372

This used to be the 1st finished background of Palestine from the Muslim conquest in 634 to that of the Crusaders in 1099. it's a 1992 translation and revised model of quantity I of Palestine in the course of the First Muslim interval which used to be released in Hebrew in 1983 and offers an authoritative survey of the early mediaeval Islamic and Jewish worlds. according to a magnificent array of resources together with files from the Cairo Geniza assortment, the writer examines the lives of the Jewish, Christian and Muslim groups of Palestine opposed to a history of the political and armed forces occasions of the interval. particular recognition is paid to the historical past of Palestinian Jews below Muslim rule. a vital source for college students and experts of mediaeval Islamic and Jewish background, non secular reviews and for a person drawn to the historical past of the Holy Land.

Professor Gil starts by means of reviewing the political and army occasions in Palestine earlier than and after the Arab invasion. Later chapters discover the Abbasid, Tiiliinid, Ikhshidid and Fatimid classes, in which time Palestine used to be a virtually perpetual battlefield for states, armies and factions. in contrast backdrop of clash and administrative alterations, the writer portrays the typical lifetime of Palestine and its population. He seems to be on the financial background of Palestine- its agriculture, delivery amenities, exports and platforms of taxation- in addition to the spiritual prestige ofJerusalem, the character of Islam's tolerance in the direction of Jews and Christians and the prestige, management and customs of the Christian population. particular realization is paid to the historical past of Palestinian Jews below Muslim rule. Professor Gil information their topography, financial actions and non secular lifestyles; he explores the Karaite and Samaritan groups and discusses the position of the main admired Jewish establishment, the yeshiva.

"A background of Palestine, 634-1099" is predicated on a magnificent array of assets. Professor Gil has rigorously learn the greater than 1,000 files of the Cairo Geniza assortment and those are paralleled through Arabic, Syriac, Latin and Greek fabric. This enormous examine may be learn through scholars and experts of mediaeval Islamic and Jewish historical past and non secular experiences and by means of an individual drawn to the heritage of the Holy Land.

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Additional resources for A History of Palestine, 634-1099

Sample text

As he records it, the Prophet sent al-I:Iarith b. 'U mayr al-Azd1 with a letter to 'the king of Bu~ra'. bll b. 'Amr, a man of the Banii Ghassan, who asked him where he was heading. ammad's messengers. When Mu}:tammad was informed of what had befallen his messenger, he quickly organised a force of3,000 Muslim cavalry troops, led by Zayd b. I:Iaritha. Should he fall in battle, Ja'far b. Ab1 Talib (the brother of 'All), would replace him, and if he too should be killed, he was to be replaced by 'Abdallah b.

Umayr al-Ghirar'i. This attempt ended bitterly for the Muslims: everyone taking part in the action was killed except for one wounded man who was taken for dead and afterwards succeeded in reaching the Prophet. Mu}:tammad wanted to despatch an expeditionary force to that site to punish the tribes who had slain his men, but when he learned that in the meantime they had evacuated the place, he abandoned the project. 17 [29] Some weeks later, in September 629, Mu}:tammad again sent his cavalry to raid Palestine, this time to a place called Mu'ta.

62, on forced baptism in 627, after Dagobert submits to pressure on the part of Church circles. bar, II, 457; Goffart, Speculum, 38(1963), 237, brings the story from Fredegarius as pure legend, ignoring the Muslim sources. DTC, X, 2296. According to Ibn al-Rahib, 121, Heraclius' decrees required the apostasy ofbothJews and Samaritans. The Tolldii, the Samaritan chronicle, however, tells of the crucifying of 'a great number of people from among the Samaritans' precisely by 'Khuzray [corrected reading] King of Assyria', and there it appears to have taken place four years prior to the renewed conquest ofPalestine by the Byzantines, that is apparently in 624; see Neubauer, Chronique samaritai11e, 23 (in the original text); the dates in the Samaritan chronicles are completely confused and should not be taken into account.

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A History of Palestine, 634-1099 by Moshe Gil


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