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Download PDF by Edward Erwin: A Final Accounting: Philosophical and Empirical Issues in

By Edward Erwin

ISBN-10: 0262050501

ISBN-13: 9780262050500

More than a century has handed on account that Sigmund Freud begun his groundbreaking paintings in psychoanalysis but there isn't any consensus approximately his legacy; as an alternative there's chronic confrontation not just approximately Freud's recognition and position in historical past yet concerning the right criteria to take advantage of in comparing his thought and therapy.

This e-book develops epistemological criteria for Freudian psychology and offers a accomplished overview of, and probably ultimate, verdict on Freud's concept and treatment. in contrast to the other review released thus far, it includes a systematic dialogue of either the Freudian experimental and non-experimental facts and the correct criteria for studying the evidence.

Part I considers the view that Freud's thought can be judged through precise evidential criteria deemed acceptable for judging hypotheses of common sense psychology. Edward Erwin argues in contrast view and for the employment of criteria appropriate to causal hypotheses of either the average and social sciences. Erwin additionally addresses different matters approximately criteria reminiscent of the necessity for experimental facts, using placebo controls, the right kind targets of psychotherapy, and using meta-analysis in reading final result data.

The criteria built partially I of the booklet are utilized in half II in comparing the easiest on hand Freudian evidence.

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Extra resources for A Final Accounting: Philosophical and Empirical Issues in Freudian Psychology

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Hopkins speaks of knowing what a desire is “supposed to do” (92). This means what a desire should do if acted on intentionally. For example, he claims that a desire to get a drink, if someone acts on it intentionally, should produce an action of getting a drink. The basis for this claim, or even what it means is unclear. However, even if Hopkins is right about what desires should do, knowing what a 34 Chapter 1 desire is “supposed to do” is not sufªcient for knowing its actual causal role. Do people ever act on the desire to get a drink?

Nagel bases his second claim, that experimentation is generally unnecessary for the justiªcation of Freudian hypotheses, on a view about the justiªcation of commonsense psychological explanations and about Freudian theory being an extension of commonsense psychology. In speaking of an extension of commonsense psychology, one might mean that Freudian theory gains credibility from the empirical evidence supporting commonsense claims. , go far beyond common sense; in many cases, common sense and Freudian psychology are at war with each other.

Rather, we trust the principle because of its successful application in simple case. If Nagel agrees that even in simple cases the warrant for a causal inference is provided by certain empirical presuppositions, then our disagreement lies elsewhere. He holds that intuitive credibility can decide if it is legitimate to extend his principle to Freudian cases. I have argued, in opposition, that this is not enough: We need empirical evidence to decide if the required empirical presuppositions are met, and that evidence is lacking.

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A Final Accounting: Philosophical and Empirical Issues in Freudian Psychology by Edward Erwin

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