By Institution of Mechanical Engineers
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Additional info for 10th International Conference on Turbochargers and Turbocharging: 15-16 May 2012, Savoy Place, London
A zero overlap is usually connected to high flow losses, due to the reduction in valve flow area before and after TDC. To avoid this, the points of maximum valve lift have been fixed and the overlap has been changed, with corresponding variation of the opening and closing ramps. The scavenging mass balance is shown in fig. 8a. After the step with zero overlap, caused by the reduction of pressure in the exhaust manifold, the mass of air introduced to the clearance volume is progressively increased.
The intermediate step in Compressor - piston work the compression curve is the effect of d the intercooler between the Compressor - piston work – closed cycle gain compressor stages. Area 2 is the work that would be gained from piston movement under receiver pressure. 4 6 8 10 12 Area 3 is the loss of piston work due to Pressure ratio πC the early IVC typical of Miller. Starting from this idealised process, in fig. 7 Fig. 7: Compressor work versus πC the different work contributions have been plotted versus the pressure ratio.
4 litre naturally aspirated gasoline engine was used for this study. This is representative of low/no-boost conditions on future downsized gasoline engines. The engine details are described in Table 1. Custom exhaust port dividers were manufactured with a contact fitting between the cylinder head and the divider, shown as a partial exploded view in Figure 3. 3 mm2 between the high and low pressure ports which will be incorporated into the simulation validation. This leakage would not be present in a production system.
10th International Conference on Turbochargers and Turbocharging: 15-16 May 2012, Savoy Place, London by Institution of Mechanical Engineers